A history of the indian fight for independence and the role of mahatma gandhi

Now he began, to methodically reduce his wants and his expenses. Soldiers had to bite the cartridges with their teeth before loading them into their rifles, and the reported presence of cow and pig fat was religiously offensive to both Hindu and Muslim soldiers.

On March 12, Gandhiji started the historic Dandi March to break the law which had deprived the poor man of his right to make his own salt. At a mass protest meeting held in Johannesburg on 11 September that year, Gandhi adopted his still evolving methodology of Satyagraha devotion to the truthor nonviolent protest, for the first time.

This was followed by the Civil Disobedience Movement. The last significant battle was fought in Gwalior on 17 Juneduring which Rani Lakshmibai was killed.

Gandhiji refused to take the hint and was later scolded for his "stupidity". He urged people to show unity, non-violence and respect for human life. But the movement ended in an anti-climax in February His prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagamwho later rebelled against the British in the late s and early s.

Two bills were passed in the following two years restricting the freedom of Indians severely. He always preached and followed non-violent methods of protests like fasts and marches. The Anglo—Mysore Wars were a series of wars fought in over the last three decades of the 18th century between the Kingdom of Mysore on the one hand, and the British East India Company represented chiefly by the Madras Presidencyand Maratha Confederacy and the Nizam of Hyderabad on the other.

Gandhi pocketed the insult for fear of missing the coach altogether. In an attempt to travel more anonymously, Gandhi began wearing a loincloth dhoti and sandals the average dress of the masses during this journey. The Government tried repression and even shooting, and many lives were lost.

It took the form of letters written to newspapers, interviews with leading nationalist leaders and a number of public meetings. Early Rebellions Against the British Rule For their short-term benefit, many Indian rulers supported the British colonization in India, but many of them opposed the idea of foreign rule.

He organized and, with the help of a Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satya Pal. He called Gandhi as the one who was "seditious in aim" whose evil genius and multiform menace was attacking the British empire. Gandhi criticised Western civilisation as one driven by "brute force and immorality", contrasting it with his categorisation of Indian civilisation as one driven by "soul force and morality".

Gandhiji was married at the age of thirteen to Kasturbai. Under the leadership of Barin Ghosh, many revolutionaries began to collect arms and explosives.

History of India’s Independence

Communal riots between Hindus and Muslims broke out in the country in the aftermath of partition. Abdullah owned a large successful shipping business in South Africa. He requested the support of other political and religious leaders and gave a call to Indians to stop using British products.

For the next five years Gandhi seemingly retired from active agitational politics and devoted himself to the propagation of what he regarded as the basic national needs, namely, Hindu-Muslim unity, removal of untouchability, equality of women, popularization of hand-spinning and the reconstruction of village economy.

During this period, Gandhi attended Bible classes. Who was Mahatma Gandhi? Many of the protesters were beaten and arrested.Who Was Mahatma Gandhi? Mahatma Gandhi (October 2, to January 30, ) was the leader of India’s non-violent independence movement against British rule and in South Africa who advocated.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October – 30 January ), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā "Great Soul"). In India he is generally regarded as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu "father"), Jathi Pitha and Raashtra Pita; he was an advocate and pioneer of nonviolent social protest and direct action in.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ ˈ ɡ ɑː n d i, ˈ ɡ æ n-/; [needs Gujarati IPA] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] (listen); 2 October – 30 January ) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British motorcarsintinc.coming nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and.

Mahatma Gandhi

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science History The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History for chapter 2 The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China 1. Write a note on:a) What was meant by the 'civilising mission' of the colonizers?b) Huynh Phu SoAnswer. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most famous freedom fighters in the history of mankind.

He led India in its struggle for freedom against the British rule. Oct 31,  · Born on November 19,in Allahabad, India, Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the sole child of Kamala and Jawaharlal motorcarsintinc.com a member of the Indian National Congress, Nehru had been influenced.

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A history of the indian fight for independence and the role of mahatma gandhi
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